Health in All Policies - Seizing opportunities, implementing policies
Leppo, Kimmo; Ollila, Eeva; Peña, Sebastián; Wismar, Matthias; Cook, Sarah (2013)
sosiaali- ja terveysministeriö
Julkaisusarja:Julkaisuja (STM): 2013:9
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Health in All Policies (HiAP) is an approach to public policies across sectors that systematically takes into account the health and health-system implications of decisions, seeks synergies, and avoids harmful health impacts to improve population health and health equity. A HiAP approach is founded on health-related rights and obligations. It emphasizes the consequences of public policies on health determinants, aiming to improve the accountability of policy-makers for health impacts at all levels of policy-making. HiAP has great potential to improve population health and equity. But incorporating health into policies across sectors is often challenging and even when decisions are made, implementation may only be partial or unsustainable. This volume aims to improve our understanding of the dynamics of HiAP policy-making and implementation processes. Drawing on experience from all regions and from countries at various levels of economic development, it demonstrates that HiAP is feasible in different contexts, and provides fresh insight into how to seize opportunities to promote HiAP and how to implement policies for health across sectors. Part 1 sets the scene with five chapters on the concept and history of HiAP, links between socioeconomic development and health, the social determinants of health, and the importance of preserving national policy space for health in a globalizing world. Part 2 assesses progress in eight policy areas including early childhood development, work and health, mental health promotion, agriculture, food and nutrition, tobacco, alcohol, environment and development assistance. Part 3 draws together lessons for the health sector, as well as for politicians, policy-makers, researchers and civil society advocates.