National Risk Assessment 2015
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite onhttp://urn.fi/URN:ISBN978-952-324-060-5
Ministry of the Interior
In accordance with Chapter II, Article 6 of the Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism, Member States shall develop risk assessments at national or appropriate sub-national level and make available to the Commission a summary of the relevant elements thereof by 22 December 2015 and every three years thereafter. This Civil Protection Mechanism Decision is legislation which binds all Member States. In the EU, matters concerning the Civil Protection Mechanism (‘the Union Mechanism’) are considered by the Civil Protection Committee, which includes representatives from each Member State. Protection under the Union Mechanism covers primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all kinds of natural and man-made disasters, both within and outside the Union. These include the consequences of acts of terrorism, technological, radiological or environmental disasters, marine pollution and acute health emergencies. In the case of the consequences of acts of terrorism or radiological disasters, the Union Mechanism covers preparedness and response actions. On the basis of assessment of over 60 risks, 21 possible event scenarios for Finland were selected to be included in the National Risk Assessment. The scenarios were divided into two categories: wide-ranging events affecting society and serious regional events. Wide-ranging events affecting society comprise six scenarios in the event of which any disruptions to vital functions of society or to critical infrastructure would have considerable impacts on society. Serious regional events consist of 15 scenarios the impacts of which remain within a relatively small area. They include events that cause damage to people, property and the environment, and that may cause limited disruption of critical infrastructure or vital functions or lead to a situation where international civil protection assistance is necessary. Possible impacts of wide-ranging events affecting society have been assessed to be as extensive as society must be prepared for them in any case. Serious regional event scenarios have been placed in a risk matrix, and their likelihood of occurrence and impacts have been assessed using a uniform criteria.